Littre, Maximilien-Paul-Émile

   philosopher, philologist, political figure
   A positivist, Maximilien-Paul-Émile Littre was born in Paris, where he first studied medicine. He translated the works of Hippocrates (1839-61) and David Strauss's Life of Jesus (Vie de Jésus, 1839-40), and also worked on an Histoire littéraire de la France (1838). A disciple of auguste comte, he made that philosopher's ideas known through articles in Le National (1844, 1849-51) and by the creation of the Revue de philosophie positive (1867). He still declined, however, to get involved in political or mystical aspects of the positivist movement. Littre worked on the Cours de philosophie positive and attempted to classify the sciences, through an integration of political economy, philosophic psychology, morality, and esthetics (A. Comte et la philosophie positive, 1863; Des origines organiques de la morale, 1870; La Science au point de vue philosophique, 1873). His numerous philological and lexicographic writings led to the publishing of his principal work, Dictionnaire de la langue française (1863-72). A liberal, Littre was elected deputy to the National Assembly (1871) and senator (1875). His election to the Académie Française (after an initial rejection) led to the departure of félix dupanloup. Littre's death was the occasion for great controversy, as his daughter Sophie affirmed that he had been converted to Christianity and had abandoned his pos-itivistic agnosticism.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Littré, Maximilien Paul Émile — Lit·tré (lĭ trāʹ, lē ), Maximilien Paul Émile. 1801 1881. French philosopher and lexicographer whose chief work is the Dictionnaire de la Langue Française (1863 1872). * * * …   Universalium

  • Maximilien Paul Emile Littré — Émile Littré Pour les articles homonymes, voir Littré (homonymie). Émile Littré …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maximilien Paul Emile Littre — noun French lexicographer (1801 1881) • Syn: ↑Littre • Instance Hypernyms: ↑lexicographer, ↑lexicologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Émile Maximilien Paul Littré — Émile Littré Pour les articles homonymes, voir Littré (homonymie). Émile Littré …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Littré —   [li treː], Maximilien Paul Émile, französischer Philosoph, Sprachwissenschaftler, Lexikograph, Arzt und Politiker, * Paris 1. 2. 1801, ✝ ebenda 2. 6. 1881; zunächst als Arzt tätig, übersetzte er 1839 61 die Werke des Hippokrates. Als Philosoph… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Littre — noun French lexicographer (1801 1881) • Syn: ↑Maximilien Paul Emile Littre • Instance Hypernyms: ↑lexicographer, ↑lexicologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Littré — biographical name Maximilien Paul Émile 1801 1881 French lexicographer …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Littré — /lee trdday /, n. Maximilien Paul Émile /mannk see mee lyaonn pawl ay meel /, 1801 88, French lexicographer and philosopher. * * * …   Universalium

  • Émile Littré — Émile Littré, (1801–1881). Émile Maximilien Paul Littré (1 February 1801 – 2 June 1881) was a French lexicographer and philosopher, best known for his Dictionnaire de la langue française, commonly called The Littré . Contents …   Wikipedia

  • Emile Littre — Émile Littré Pour les articles homonymes, voir Littré (homonymie). Émile Littré …   Wikipédia en Français

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